ASD – Autism Spectrum DisorderAshanthi Abeywardene
ASD – Also known as Autism spectrum Disorder
Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by difficulties with social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior.
The cause of ASD is unknown, research suggests that both genes and environment play important roles. There are no cures , but therapies and other treatment can help.
- Behavior Therapy
- Play Therapy
- Occupational Therapy
- Physical Therapy
- Speech Therapy
There is not one Autism but many subtypes, influenced by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Autism is a spectrum disorder, each person with Autism has a distinct set of strengths and challengers. The way in which they learn, think and problem solve can range from highly skilled to severely challenged.
Signs of Autism appear by the age of 2-3yrs, some associated development delays can appear even earlier and it can be diagnosed as early as 18 months. Research shows that early intervention leads to positive outcomes later in life.
Autism is not an external thing, it’s an internal thing – Often you hear people say – “but you don’t look autistic” or “ you don’t act autistic” . Autism is a different way of thinking, seeing and interacting in one’s different world
Emotional – Autistic children are highly emotional, they just express it differently, not the way people expect them to. They tend to be more trusting and vulnerable.
Direct – They don’t read between the lines in social interaction. Teaching autistic children has to be done directly, like dating and sexuality. but no one teaches the social aspect of it. Hence the reason it’s important to educate all children, regardless of them being Autistic, because they are the most vulnerable in these situations.
Express feelings– When they go through a certain experience, they feel it but sometimes it doesn’t come out & other times its overly expressed. When they have to process a certain emotion they are feeling, they may tend to shut down, and take some time to process it.
For an autistic child to appear like a normal child it takes a lot of effort, conscious effort, social skill is like a muscle. Getting through a day could be very difficult. All the things people do unconsciously; autistic kids have to do manually. Every move they make has to be a conscious move.
Common symptoms of autism are:
- A lack of eye contact
- A narrow range of interests or intense interest in certain topics
- Doing something over and over, like repeating words or phrases, rocking back and forth, or flipping a lever
- High sensitivity to sounds, touches, smells, or sights that seem ordinary to other people
- Not looking at or listening to other people
- Not looking at things when another person points at them
- Not wanting to be held or cuddled
- Problems understanding or using speech, gestures, facial expressions, or tone of voice
- Talking in a sing-song, flat, or robotic voice
- Trouble adapting to changes in routine
Some children with autism may also have seizes. These might not start until adolescence.
you could find more information on the following links :-